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J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2012 Aug;25(8):1479-82. doi: 10.3109/14767058.2011.644602. Epub 2012 Jan 24.

Vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy and circulating markers of thrombin generation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. david_hackney@URMC.rochester.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine if subjects experiencing acute vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy have increased plasma markers of thrombin generation compared to nonbleeding controls.

METHODS:

Subjects with clinically apparent acute (within 24 h of sample collection) vaginal bleeding between 6 and 20 weeks estimated gestational age and without known thrombophilias were enrolled, along with nonbleeding controls, and underwent collection of maternal plasma. Concentrations of thrombin-antithrombin (TAT) and fragment 1 + 2 (F1 + 2) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Differences between bleeding and nonbleeding subjects were assessed through linear regression with adjustment for gestational age.

RESULTS:

Twenty subjects with vaginal bleeding and 20 controls were included. Bleeding was significantly associated with increased concentrations of TAT (p = 0.007) and F1 + 2 (p = 0.044) when corrected for gestational age. Among bleeding subjects, there was no association between markers of thrombin generation and the subject's description of bleeding quantity, though higher concentrations were associated with a longer self-reported duration of bleeding.

CONCLUSIONS:

Clinically apparent vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy is associated with increased circulating maternal markers of thrombin generation. Thus, these maternal markers may have a future role in risk stratification.

PMID:
22129041
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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