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Br J Haematol. 2012 Feb;156(3):388-401. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2011.08952.x. Epub 2011 Nov 25.

The impact of HFE mutations on haemoglobin and iron status in individuals experiencing repeated iron loss through blood donation*.

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  • 1Blood Research Institute, Blood Center of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53201-2178, USA. alan.mast@bcw.edu

Abstract

Frequent blood donors become iron deficient. HFE mutations are present in over 30% of donors. A 24-month study of 888 first time/reactivated donors and 1537 frequent donors measured haemoglobin and iron status to assess how HFE mutations impact the development of iron deficiency erythropoiesis. Donors with two HFE mutations had increased baseline haemoglobin and iron stores as did those with one mutation, albeit to a lesser extent. Over multiple donations haemoglobin and iron status of donors with HFE mutations paralleled those lacking mutations. The prevalence of HFE mutations was not increased in higher intensity donors. Thus, in general, HFE mutations do not temper donation-induced changes in haemoglobin and iron status. However, in Black donors there was an increase of H63D carriers at baseline, from 3·7% in first time/reactivated donors to 15·8% in frequent donors, suggesting that the relative effects of HFE mutations on iron absorption may vary between racial/ethnic groups. In secondary analyses, venous haemoglobin decreased more slowly in donors with ferritin ≥12μg/l; and haemoglobin recovery time was shorter in donors with reticulocyte haemoglobin (CHr) ≥32·6pg, indicating that these biochemical measures are better indicators of a donor's response to phlebotomy than their HFE mutation status.

© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

PMID:
22118647
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3508695
Free PMC Article

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