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Opt Express. 2011 Nov 21;19(24):23958-64. doi: 10.1364/OE.19.023958.

Low-loss channel optical waveguide fabrication in Nd(3+)-doped silicate glasses by femtosecond laser direct writing.

Author information

  • 1College of Physics and Engineering, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Laser and Information Technology, Qufu Normal University, Qufu 273165, China. shilingli@sdu.edu.cn

Abstract

Optical waveguides were fabricated in neodymium-doped silicate glass by using a low-repetition-rate (1 kHz) femtosecond laser inscription. Two different types of waveguide structure are fabricated. In the first, guiding occurs in the focal spot. In the second, guiding occurs in the region between the two filaments. The near-field intensity distribution, propagation loss, index profile reconstruction, and calculation of the modal intensity distribution by the beam propagation method of these waveguides are presented. On the basis of near-field intensity distribution of the light guided through the waveguides and the propagation loss measurement, the optimum writing conditions such as the pulse energy and scan velocity were determined. The waveguide written with 2.2 µJ pulse energy and 50 µm/s scan velocity shows strong guidance at 632.8 nm, with an index contrast of 7 × 10(-4) and a propagation loss of ~0.8 dB/cm.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

PMID:
22109420
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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