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Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2011 Dec;40(4):765-77. doi: 10.1016/j.ecl.2011.08.001.

Iodine nutrition in pregnancy and lactation.

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  • 1Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine, MA, USA.

Abstract

Adequate iodine intake is required for the synthesis of thyroid hormones that are important for normal fetal and infant neurodevelopment. In this review, we discuss iodine physiology during pregnancy and lactation, methods to assess iodine sufficiency, the importance of adequate iodine nutrition, studies of iodine supplementation during pregnancy and lactation, the consequences of hypothyroidism during pregnancy, the current status of iodine nutrition in the United States, the global efforts toward achieving universal iodine sufficiency, and substances that may interfere with iodine use.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22108279
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3266621
Free PMC Article
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