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Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2012 Jul 15;59(1):16-20. doi: 10.1002/pbc.23416. Epub 2011 Nov 18.

Prevention of bacterial infection in pediatric oncology: what do we know, what can we learn?

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  • 1Division of Hematology/Oncology, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Bacterial sepsis continues to be a leading cause of morbidity and toxic death in children receiving intensive therapy for cancer. Empiric therapy for suspected infections and treatment of documented infections are well-established standards of care. The routine use of prophylactic strategies is much less common in pediatric oncology. This paper will review the current literature on the use and risks of antimicrobial prophylaxis as well as non-pharmacological methods for infection prevention and will address areas in need of further research.

Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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