Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Cell Sci. 2011 Nov 15;124(Pt 22):3905-16. doi: 10.1242/jcs.093286. Epub 2011 Nov 18.

p31comet-mediated extraction of Mad2 from the MCC promotes efficient mitotic exit.

Author information

  • 1Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Michael Smith Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PT, UK.


Accurate chromosome segregation requires the spindle assembly checkpoint to be active at the onset of mitosis, before being silenced following chromosome alignment. p31(comet) is a checkpoint antagonist in that its inhibition delays mitotic exit, whereas its overexpression overrides the checkpoint. How exactly p31(comet) antagonises the checkpoint is unclear. A prevalent model is that p31(comet) acts as a 'cap' by inhibiting recruitment of the open conformation form of Mad2 (O-Mad2) to the kinetochore-bound complex of Mad1-C-Mad2 (closed conformation Mad2), an essential step that is required for checkpoint activation. Here, we show that although p31(comet) localises to kinetochores in mitosis, modulation of its activity has no effect on recruitment of O-Mad2 to kinetochores. Rather, our observations support a checkpoint-silencing role for p31(comet) downstream of kinetochores. We show that p31(comet) binds Mad2 when it is bound to the mitotic checkpoint complex (MCC) components BubR1 and Cdc20. Furthermore, RNAi-mediated inhibition of p31(comet) results in more Mad2 bound to BubR1-Cdc20, and conversely, overexpression of p31(comet) results in less Mad2 bound to BubR1-Cdc20. Addition of recombinant p31(comet) to checkpoint-arrested extracts removes Mad2 from the MCC, whereas a p31(comet) mutant that cannot bind Mad2 has no effect. Significantly, expression of a Mad2 mutant that cannot bind p31(comet) prolongs the metaphase to anaphase transition. Taken together, our data support the notion that p31(comet) negatively regulates the spindle assembly checkpoint by extracting Mad2 from the MCC.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk