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Future Med Chem. 2011 Dec;3(16):2101-16. doi: 10.4155/fmc.11.153.

Advances in HIV microbicide development.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology & Immunology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA.


There is an urgent need control the spread of the global HIV pandemic. A microbicide, or topical drug applied to the mucosal environment to block transmission, is a promising HIV prevention strategy. The development of a safe and efficacious microbicide requires a thorough understanding of the mucosal environment and its role in HIV transmission. Knowledge of the key events in viral infection identifies points at which the virus might be most effectively targeted by a microbicide. The cervicovaginal and rectal mucosa play an important role in the innate defense against HIV, and microbicides must not interfere with these functions. In this review, we discuss the current research on HIV microbicide development.

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