Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int Psychogeriatr. 2012 Jan;24(1):117-27. doi: 10.1017/S1041610211001815.

Delirium in elderly people: a study of a psychiatric liaison service in north India.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. drsandeepg2002@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Very few studies from India have studied the phenomenology of delirium. The aim of the present study was to study the phenomenology as measured using the Delirium Rating Scale-Revised-98 (DRS-R98), the associated etiologies and the outcome of delirium among the elderly participants seen by the consultation-liaison psychiatric service in India. In addition, an attempt was made to study the factor structure of symptoms using principal components analysis.

METHODS:

The case notes of 109 elderly patients referred to psychiatry liaison services were reviewed.

RESULTS:

The mean age of the sample was 73.35 years (SD: 7.44; range 65-95 years) and two-thirds of the sample had hospital emergent delirium. The mean DRS-R98 severity score was 18.77 and the DRS-R98 total score was 24.81. In 15 patients the DRS-R98 scores were in the subsyndromal range. Among the various symptoms present, most patients had sleep-wake cycle disturbance, disturbance in orientation, attention and short-term memory impairments, fluctuation of symptoms, temporal onset of symptoms and a physical disorder. Principal components analysis identified three factors which explained 43.5% of variance of symptomatology and it yielded a three-factor structure. Endocrine/metabolic disturbances were the commonest associated etiological category with delirium. The mean hospital stay after being referred to psychiatry referral services was 8.89 days, after which delirium improved in 58.7% of cases. The mortality rate during the inpatient stay was 16.5%.

CONCLUSIONS:

Results suggest that the symptoms of delirium as assessed by DRS-R98 separate out into a three-factor structure. Delirium is commonly associated with metabolic endocrine disturbances and about one-sixth of the patients die during the short inpatient stay.

PMID:
22093252
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Cambridge University Press
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk