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Rheumatology (Oxford). 2012 Jan;51(1):47-51. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/ker345. Epub 2011 Nov 15.

CD40 gene polymorphisms confer risk of Behcet's disease but not of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome in a Han Chinese population.

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  • 1The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Chongqing Eye Institute, Chongqing 400016, PR China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Recent genetic surveys including a genome-wide association study have identified CD40 as a susceptibility gene for several autoimmune diseases. This study was designed to investigate the association of CD40 gene polymorphisms with Behçet's disease (BD) and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome in a Han Chinese population.

METHODS:

Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs4810485 and rs1883832, were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism in 373 BD patients, 519 VKH patients and 402 controls. A binary logistic regression analysis was applied to assess the influence of gender on the association of CD40 polymorphisms with BD.

RESULTS:

Our results showed significantly increased frequencies of the homozygous rs4810485 TT and rs1883832 TT in BD patients as compared with the controls [Bonferroni-corrected P-value for gender adjustment (Pac) = 0.006, odds ratio (OR) = 1.98, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.38, 2.83;  = 0.012, OR = 1.73, 95% CI 1.22, 2.46, respectively]. A markedly decreased frequency of the heterozygous rs4810485 GT was observed in BD patients as compared with the controls (  = 0.042, OR = 0.68, 95% CI 0.51, 0.90). The genotype and allele frequencies of rs4810485 and rs1883832 were not different between VKH patients and controls. Stratification analysis did not find any association between the tested SNPs and extra-ocular manifestations of both diseases.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggest that TT genotypes of rs4810485 and rs1883832 may be predisposing genotypes for BD, and that the rs4810485 GT genotype may be a protective genotype for BD. The two tested CD40 gene polymorphisms are not associated with VKH syndrome in the investigated Han Chinese population.

PMID:
22087016
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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