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Genetics. 2011 Nov;189(3):737-65. doi: 10.1534/genetics.111.127126.

Sporulation in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Author information

  • Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794-5215, USA. aaron.neiman@stonybrook.edu

Abstract

In response to nitrogen starvation in the presence of a poor carbon source, diploid cells of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae undergo meiosis and package the haploid nuclei produced in meiosis into spores. The formation of spores requires an unusual cell division event in which daughter cells are formed within the cytoplasm of the mother cell. This process involves the de novo generation of two different cellular structures: novel membrane compartments within the cell cytoplasm that give rise to the spore plasma membrane and an extensive spore wall that protects the spore from environmental insults. This article summarizes what is known about the molecular mechanisms controlling spore assembly with particular attention to how constitutive cellular functions are modified to create novel behaviors during this developmental process. Key regulatory points on the sporulation pathway are also discussed as well as the possible role of sporulation in the natural ecology of S. cerevisiae.

PMID:
22084423
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3213374
Free PMC Article

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