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Neuron. 2011 Nov 3;72(3):443-54. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2011.10.008.

Neuroplasticity subserving motor skill learning.

Author information

  • 1Human Cortical Physiology and Stroke Neurorehabilitation Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1428, USA.

Abstract

Recent years have seen significant progress in our understanding of the neural substrates of motor skill learning. Advances in neuroimaging provide new insight into functional reorganization associated with the acquisition, consolidation, and retention of motor skills. Plastic changes involving structural reorganization in gray and white matter architecture that occur over shorter time periods than previously thought have been documented as well. Data from experimental animals provided crucial information on plausible cellular and molecular substrates contributing to brain reorganization underlying skill acquisition in humans. Here, we review findings demonstrating functional and structural plasticity across different spatial and temporal scales that mediate motor skill learning while identifying converging areas of interest and possible avenues for future research.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22078504
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3217208
Free PMC Article

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