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J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2011 Dec;20(8):1217-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2011.06.012.

A ten-year radiologic comparison of two-all polyethylene glenoid component designs: a prospective trial.

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  • 1Centre Hospitalier Privé Saint Grégoire, Saint Grégoire, Rennes, France.



Aseptic glenoid component loosening remains a common problem in total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). This study presents long-term prospective follow-up of 2 cemented all-polyethylene glenoid components with different backside design geometry and the effect on the presence and progression of radiolucent lines (RLLs).


Fifty-six TSAs were performed for primary osteoarthritis. Two surgeons used an identical technique to implant 32 flat-back and 24 convex-back glenoids. In particular, the glenoid components were cemented after a minimal reaming and bone compaction. Standardized postoperative radiologic and clinical follow-up was at 2 and 10 years. Three independent observers evaluated the x-ray images for RLLs around the base plate and keel. The results were analyzed for progression and influencing factors.


At 10 years, progression of RLL was seen in both components, but there was no difference between the 2 glenoid designs (P = .16). Younger patient age (P = .03), hand dominance (P = .017), and presence of early RLLs (P = .018) were significant factors for progression of RLLs. Constant scores deteriorated with progression of RLLs (P = .006). The glenoid revision rate at 10 years was 5%.


At 10 years there was no difference in the presence or progression of RRLs between a flat-back and a convex-back glenoid all-polyethylene design. Young age, hand dominance, and poor implantation technique influence glenoid RLLs and affect the clinical result of TSA.

Copyright © 2011 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

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