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Dev Cell. 2011 Nov 15;21(5):888-95. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2011.08.028.

Tao-1 phosphorylates Hippo/MST kinases to regulate the Hippo-Salvador-Warts tumor suppressor pathway.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Genetics and Cell Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that the Hippo-Salvador-Warts (HSW) pathway restrains tissue growth by phosphorylating and inactivating the oncoprotein Yorkie. How growth-suppressive signals are transduced upstream of Hippo remains unclear. We show that the Sterile 20 family kinase, Tao-1, directly phosphorylates T195 in the Hippo activation loop and that, like other HSW pathway genes, Tao-1 functions to restrict cell proliferation in developing imaginal epithelia. This relationship appears to be evolutionarily conserved, because mammalian Tao-1 similarly affects MST kinases. In S2 cells, Tao-1 mediates the effects of the upstream HSW components Merlin and Expanded, consistent with the idea that Tao-1 functions in tissues to regulate Hippo phosphorylation. These results demonstrate that one family of Ste20 kinases can activate another and identify Tao-1 as a component of the regulatory network controlling HSW pathway signaling, and therefore tissue growth, during development.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22075147
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3217187
Free PMC Article

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