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GMS Curr Top Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004;3:Doc04. Epub 2004 Dec 28.

Actual therapeutic management of allergic and hyperreactive nasal disorders.

Author information

  • 1Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Münster, Germany.

Abstract

Allergic rhinitis (AR) and hyperractive disorders of the upper airways, depending upon the type of releasing stimuli, are defined as nasal hyperreactivity, for example in the case of AR, or as non-specific nasal hyperreactivity and as idiopathic rhinitis (IR) (synonyms frequently used in the past: non-specific nasal hyperreactivity; vasomotor rhinitis) in the case of non-characterised stimuli.An early and professional therapy of allergic disorders of the upper airways is of immense importance as allergic rhinitis is detected in comorbidities such as asthma and rhino sinusitis. The therapeutic concept is influenced by new and further developments in pharmacological substance classes such as antihistamines and glucocorticosteroids. Specific immune therapy, the only causal therapy for AR, has been reviewed over the past few years in respect of the type and pattern of application. However, to date no firm recommendations on oral, sublingual and /or nasal immune therapy have yet been drawn up based on investigations of these modifications.Therapeutic management of IR is aimed at a symptom-oriented therapy of nasal hyperactivity as etiological factors relating to this form of rhinitis are not yet sufficiently known. Drug groups such as mast cell stabilizers, systemic and topic antihistamines, topic and systemic glucocorticosteroids, ipatroium bromide and alpha symphatomimetics belong to the spectrum of the therapeutics employed.

KEYWORDS:

allergic rhinitis; anticholinergics; antihistamines; glucocorticosteroids; idiopathic rhinitis; immune therapy; sublingual

PMID:
22073046
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3199794
Free PMC Article
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