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Pediatr Nephrol. 1990 Jul;4(4):442-4.

Counterbalance in functional adaptation to ureteral obstruction during development.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville 22908.


Renal counterbalance, as described by Hinman in 1923, is the phenomenon of increased function of the intact kidney in proportion to the loss of function resulting from unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). In the neonatal guinea pig, chronic partial UUO results in severe vasoconstriction and growth arrest of the ipsilateral kidney. Angiotensin II appears to contribute significantly to the vasoconstriction, and the renin-angiotensin system is also involved in the hemodynamic response of the intact opposite kidney to UUO and to relief of UUO. Immunolocalization of renin following complete UUO in the neonatal rat revealed extension of renin-containing cells along the length of the afferent arteriole in both the obstructed and the intact opposite kidney. The proportion of juxtaglomerular apparatuses with detectable renin and renin messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) (identified by in situ hybridization), as well as renal renin content (a measure of active renin), were increased in the obstructed kidney compared with the intact opposite kidney. Chemical sympathectomy by chronic guanethidine administration reduced the total renin mRNA in the obstructed kidney (determined by Northern blot analysis) and prevented the increased renin immunostaining in both kidneys. Thus, renal counterbalance in the developing kidney subjected to UUO is mediated or modulated by the renal nerves and involves marked alterations in gene expression and cellular processing of renin.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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