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Langmuir. 2012 Jan 10;28(1):587-92. doi: 10.1021/la202967t. Epub 2011 Dec 1.

Nanomolar hydrogen peroxide detection using horseradish peroxidase covalently linked to undoped nanocrystalline diamond surfaces.

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  • 1Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire (USR 3078), Université de Lille1, Parc de la Haute Borne, 50 Avenue de Halley, BP 70478, 59658 Villeneuve d'Ascq, France.


In this article, we report on the low-level detection of hydrogen peroxide, a key player in the redox signaling pathway and a toxic product in the cellular system, using a colorimetric solution assay. Amine-terminated undoped nanocrystalline diamond thin films were grown on glass using a linear-antenna microwave plasma CVD process. The diamond surface consists mainly of -NH(2) termination. The aminated diamond surface was decorated with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) enzyme using carbodiimide coupling chemistry. The success of the HRP immobilization was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The enzymatic activity of immobilized HRP was determined with a colorimetric test based on the HRP-catalyzed oxidation of 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sufonic acid (ABTS) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. The surface coverage of active HRP was estimated to be Γ = 7.3 × 10(13) molecules cm(-2). The use of the functionalized diamond surface as an optical sensor for the detection of hydrogen peroxide with a detection limit of 35 nM was demonstrated.

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