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Front Integr Neurosci. 2011 Oct 5;5:58. doi: 10.3389/fnint.2011.00058. eCollection 2011.

How emotions change time.

Author information

  • Department of Psychology, National University of Singapore Singapore.

Abstract

Experimental evidence suggests that emotions can both speed-up and slow-down the internal clock. Speeding up has been observed for to-be-timed emotional stimuli that have the capacity to sustain attention, whereas slowing down has been observed for to-be-timed neutral stimuli that are presented in the context of emotional distractors. These effects have been explained by mechanisms that involve changes in bodily arousal, attention, or sentience. A review of these mechanisms suggests both merits and difficulties in the explanation of the emotion-timing link. Therefore, a hybrid mechanism involving stimulus-specific sentient representations is proposed as a candidate for mediating emotional influences on time. According to this proposal, emotional events enhance sentient representations, which in turn support temporal estimates. Emotional stimuli with a larger share in ones sentience are then perceived as longer than neutral stimuli with a smaller share.

KEYWORDS:

affective, insula, interval-timing, speed, temporal

PMID:
22065952
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3207328
Free PMC Article

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