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J Contam Hydrol. 2012 Mar 15;129-130:25-37. doi: 10.1016/j.jconhyd.2011.09.009. Epub 2011 Oct 7.

Long-term monitoring and modeling of the mass transfer of polychlorinated biphenyls in sediment following pilot-scale in-situ amendment with activated carbon.

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  • 1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford 94305-4020, USA.

Abstract

The results of five years of post-treatment monitoring following in-situ activated carbon (AC) placement for stabilization of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) at an inter-tidal mudflat adjacent to Hunters Point Shipyard, San Francisco Bay, CA, USA are reported in this paper. After five years, AC levels of the sediment cores were comparable to those at earlier sampling times. Passive sampler uptake validated the benefit of the AC amendment with a strong local sorbent dose-response relationship. The PCB uptakes in passive samplers decreased up to 73% with a 3.7 dry wt.% AC dose after five years, confirming the temporal enhancement of the amendment benefit from a 19% reduction with a 4.4% dose observed within one month. The long-term effectiveness of AC, the local AC dose response, the impact of fouling by NOM, the spatial heterogeneity of AC incorporation, and the effects of advective sediment pore-water movement are discussed with the aid of a PCB mass transfer model. Modeling and experimental results indicated that the homogeneous incorporation of AC in the sediment will significantly accelerate the benefit of the treatment.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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