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Int J Health Serv. 2011;41(4):595-623.

Gender policy developments and policy regimes in 22 OECD countries, 1979-2008.

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  • 1Unit for Social Medicine, Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. mona.backhans@ki.se

Abstract

This study investigates trends and clustering of gender policy in 22 OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries during 1979-2008. The starting point was Sainsbury's gender policy regime framework, and the study included indicators reflecting the male bread-winner, individual earner-carer, and separate gender roles regimes. The indicators were followed over seven time points for mean, range, and distribution. Cluster analyses were performed for the years 1979, 1989, 1999, and 2004. In accordance with previous studies, the authors found a Nordic cluster of earner-carer countries, while several Southern European countries and the United States were marked by their low generosity and high pension requirements. Though aspects of the separate gender roles regime have become more widespread, no country could be classified as fully belonging to this regime type. The two aspects of the model--compensatory measures in the pension system, and benefits for caring activities--were never present simultaneously.

PMID:
22053525
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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