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Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2011 Nov;22(4):683-700, ix. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2011.08.009. Epub 2011 Sep 23.

Long-term consequences: effects on normal development profile after concussion.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston 02118, MA, USA. ddanesh@bu.edu

Abstract

Each year in the United States, approximately 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a traumatic brain injury (TBI), about 75% of which are classified as mild TBIs or concussions. Although symptoms typically resolve in a matter of weeks, both children and adults may suffer from postconcussion syndrome for months or longer. A progressive tauopathy, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, is believed to stem from repeated brain trauma. Alzheimer-like dementia, Parkinsonism, and motor neuron disease are also associated with repetitive brain trauma. Effective diagnoses, treatments, and education plans are required to reduce the future burden and incidence of long-term effects of head injuries.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22050943
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3208826
Free PMC Article
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