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J Urol. 1990 Oct;144(4):875-8.

Growth fractions of transitional cell carcinomas of the bladder defined by the monoclonal antibody Ki-67.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan.


We used an immunohistochemical technique with the monoclonal antibody Ki-67, which recognizes nuclear antigen expressed in proliferating cells to determine the growth fractions of 5 normal mucosa specimens and 55 transitional cell carcinomas of the bladder. Normal mucosa had a mean value of 0.37 +/- 0.35% cells positive for Ki-67, whereas 9 histological grade 1 tumors showed 2.2 +/- 1.5%, 31 grade 2 tumors averaged 10.1 +/- 7.5% and 15 grade 3 tumors yielded 19.5 +/- 9.0%. These values were significantly different from each other (p less than 0.01), with Ki-67 indexes for grade 2 varying from 0.3 to 24.6%. Nonpapillary tumors had significantly higher indexes than papillary tumors (20.1 +/- 8.0 versus 6.7 +/- 5.9, p less than 0.01). The Ki-67 indexes were 4.6 +/- 4.5% for stage Ta (20 cases), 7.8 +/- 4.7% for stage T1 (14) and 20.2 +/- 7.8% for stages equal to or higher than T2 (21). Significant differences were noted between stages Ta and T1 (p less than 0.05) and between stages T1 and T2 or greater (p less than 0.01). Tumors with muscle layer invasion often showed more than 15% Ki-67 positive cells. Our results imply that Ki-67 indexes not only provide objective information to determine a malignant potential but also help to select the treatment.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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