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Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012;2012:781417. doi: 10.1155/2012/781417. Epub 2011 Oct 20.

NBM-HD-1: A Novel Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor with Anticancer Activity.

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  • 1Graduate Institute of Pharmacognosy, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan.

Abstract

HDAC inhibitors (HDACis) have been developed as promising anticancer agents in recent years. In this study, we synthesized and characterized a novel HDACi, termed NBM-HD-1. This agent was derived from the semisynthesis of propolin G, isolated from Taiwanese green propolis (TGP), and was shown to be a potent suppressor of tumor cell growth in human breast cancer cells (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231) and rat glioma cells (C6), with an IC(50) ranging from 8.5 to 10.3 μM. Western blot demonstrated that levels of p21((Waf1/Cip1)), gelsolin, Ac-histone 4, and Ac-tubulin markedly increased after treatment of cancer cells with NBM-HD-1. After NBM-HD-1 treatment for 1-4 h, p-PTEN and p-AKT levels were markedly decreased. Furthermore, we also found the anticancer activities of NBM-HD-1 in regulating cell cycle regulators. Treatment with NBM-HD-1, p21((Waf1/Cip1)) gene expression had markedly increased while cyclin B1 and D1 gene expressions had markedly decreased. On the other hand, we found that NBM-HD-1 increased the expressions of tumor-suppressor gene p53 in a dose-dependent manner. Finally, we showed that NBM-HD-1 exhibited potent antitumor activity in a xenograft model. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that this compound, NBM-HD-1, is a novel and potent HDACi with anticancer activity in vitro and in vivo.

PMID:
22046195
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3199191
Free PMC Article

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