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Clin Immunol. 2012 Feb;142(2):167-75. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2011.10.002. Epub 2011 Oct 17.

Noncollagenous 16A domain of type XVII collagen-reactive CD4+ T cells play a pivotal role in the development of active disease in experimental bullous pemphigoid model.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.

Abstract

Bullous pemphigoid (BP), the most common autoimmune blistering disease, is caused by autoantibodies against type XVII collagen (COL17). We recently demonstrated that CD4+ T cells were crucial for the production of anti-COL17 IgG and for the development of the BP phenotype by using a novel active BP mouse model by adoptively transferring immunized splenocytes into immunodeficient COL17-humanized mice. Noncollagenous 16A (NC16A) domain of COL17 is considered to contain the main pathogenic epitopes of BP, however, the pathogenicity of COL17 NC16A-reactive CD4+ T cells has never been elucidated. To address this issue, we modulated the immune responses against COL17 in active BP model by using anti-CD40 ligand (CD40L) monoclonal antibody MR1, an inhibitor of the CD40-CD40L interaction, in various ways. First, we show the essential role of CD4+ T cells in the model by showing that CD4+ T cells isolated from wild-type mice immunized with human COL17 enabled naïve B cells to produce anti-COL17 NC16A IgG in vivo. Second, we show that the activation of anti-COL17 NC16A IgG-producing B cells via CD40-CD40L interaction was completed within 5 days after the adoptive transfer of immunized splenocytes. Notably, a single administration of MR1 at day 0 was enough to inhibit the production of anti-COL17 NC16A IgG and to diminish skin lesions despite the presence of restored anti-COL17 IgG at the later stage. In contrast, the delayed administration of MR1 failed to inhibit the production of anti-COL17 NC16A IgG and the development of the BP phenotype. These results strongly suggest that COL17 NC16A-reactive CD4+ T cells play a pivotal role in the production of pathogenic autoantibodies and in the development of active disease in experimental BP model.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22044750
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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