Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr. 2011;2011(43):82-5. doi: 10.1093/jncimonographs/lgr041.

The HER2 World: Better Treatment Selection for Better Outcome.

Author information

  • 1Department of Experimental Oncology, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan 20133, Italy.


Understanding the mechanisms of trastuzumab efficacy and resistance is a step toward optimizing treatment outcome in HER2-positive breast carcinoma patients. Preclinical studies have indicated different trastuzumab antitumor mechanisms, that is, cytostatic inhibition of tumor proliferation, antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity, and inhibition of HER2-mediated DNA repair. Clinical studies point to the clinical setting dependence of these mechanisms, with antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity predominating when trastuzumab is used as monotherapy in neoadjuvant and metastatic settings, whereas inhibition of DNA repair predominates in neoadjuvant and adjuvant settings involving concomitant trastuzumab and chemotherapy; in sequential protocols, the antibody appears to act primarily through cytostatic activity by inhibiting HER2-mediated cell proliferation. Because the mechanisms of resistance to trastuzumab likely depend directly on those of its antitumor activity, resistance mechanisms must also be considered with respect to the different clinical settings. Moreover, the response to this reagent should be assessed according to its ability to induce tumor cytotoxic or cytostatic activity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk