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Int J Hematol. 2011 Nov;94(5):463-71. doi: 10.1007/s12185-011-0944-2. Epub 2011 Nov 1.

Outcome of medium-dose VP-16/CY/TBI superior to CY/TBI as a conditioning regimen for allogeneic stem cell transplantation in adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

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  • 1Stem Cell Transplantation Center, Hokkaido University Hospital, Sapporo, Japan. shigemap@mac.com

Abstract

The choice of conditioning regimen before allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is important. We retrospectively compared outcomes of medium-dose VP-16/cyclophosphamide/total body irradiation (VP/CY/TBI) regimen and CY/TBI. Five hundred and twenty-nine patients (VP/CY/TBI: n = 35, CY/TBI: n = 494) who met all of the following criteria were compared: first time for SCT, aged 15-59 years; first or second complete remission at SCT; bone marrow or peripheral blood as stem cell source; and HLA phenotypically matched donor. Median age of the patients was 34 years, and patients who received VP/CY/TBI were younger (28 vs. 34 years, P = 0.02). Cumulative incidences of relapse and non-relapse mortality (NRM) were higher for patients who received CY/TBI (P = 0.01 for relapse, P < 0.01 for NRM). After a median follow-up period of 36.9 months, 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 82.2% in the VP/CY/TBI group and 55.2% in the CY/TBI group. OS, and disease-free survival (DFS) in the VP/CY/TBI group were shown to be significantly better by multivariate analysis [hazard ratio: 0.21 (95% confidence interval: 0.06-0.49) for DFS, hazard ratio: 0.25 (95% confidence interval: 0.08-0.59) for OS]. VP/CY/TBI was associated with a lower relapse rate and no increase in NRM, resulting in better survival than that in CY/TBI for adult ALL patients.

PMID:
22042561
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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