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J Card Fail. 2011 Nov;17(11):879-86. doi: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2011.07.008. Epub 2011 Sep 3.

Statins do not significantly affect muscle sympathetic nerve activity in humans with nonischemic heart failure: a double-blind placebo-controlled trial.

Author information

  • 1Division of Cardiology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA. thorwich@mednet.ucla.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) have been shown to reduce sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation in experimental heart failure (HF). However, this potential mechanism of action of statins in HF has not been well studied in humans.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Twenty-six patients with nonischemic systolic HF (left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] ≤35%) were randomized to atorvastatin (10 mg) or placebo for 3 months. Pre- and posttreatment testing included echocardiography, laboratory assays, quality of life (QOL) questionnaires, and peroneal nerve muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) via microneurography. Eighteen subjects had technically adequate MSNA tracings before and after treatment. The cohort was 65% male, 81% New York Heart Association functional class II, LVEF 26 ± 6%, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) 108 ± 26 mg/dL. Baseline MSNA was 41 ± 2 bursts/min. LDL-C significantly decreased in the atorvastatin (-36.8%) versus the placebo (-0.1%) group (P < .0001). However, there was no significant change in MSNA (-16.2% vs -2.5%), LVEF, B-type natriuretic peptide, or QOL score in the atorvastatin compared with the placebo group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Short-term statin therapy in patients with nonischemic HF does not result in a significant decrease in SNS activation as measured by MSNA. These findings are consistent with the neutral outcomes of large clinical trials of statins in HF.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22041323
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3206298
Free PMC Article
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