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Nat Cell Biol. 2011 Oct 30;13(12):1437-42. doi: 10.1038/ncb2362.

Caspase 8 inhibits programmed necrosis by processing CYLD.

Author information

  • 1Immunology Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA. marie.a.odonnell@mssm.edu

Abstract

Caspase 8 initiates apoptosis downstream of TNF death receptors by undergoing autocleavage and processing the executioner caspase 3 (ref. 1). However, the dominant function of caspase 8 is to transmit a pro-survival signal that suppresses programmed necrosis (or necroptosis) mediated by RIPK1 and RIPK3 (refs 2-6) during embryogenesis and haematopoiesis(7-9). Suppression of necrotic cell death by caspase 8 requires its catalytic activity but not the autocleavage essential for apoptosis(10); however, the key substrate processed by caspase 8 to block necrosis has been elusive. A key substrate must meet three criteria: it must be essential for programmed necrosis; it must be cleaved by caspase 8 in situations where caspase 8 is blocking necrosis; and mutation of the caspase 8 processing site on the substrate should convert a pro-survival response to necrotic death without the need for caspase 8 inhibition. We now identify CYLD as a substrate for caspase 8 that satisfies these criteria. Following TNF stimulation, caspase 8 cleaves CYLD to generate a survival signal. In contrast, loss of caspase 8 prevented CYLD degradation, resulting in necrotic death. A CYLD substitution mutation at Asp 215 that cannot be cleaved by caspase 8 switches cell survival to necrotic cell death in response to TNF.

PMID:
22037414
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3229661
Free PMC Article

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