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Neuropharmacology. 2012 Jul;63(1):46-56. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2011.10.008. Epub 2011 Oct 21.

The role of the gut/brain axis in modulating food intake.

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  • 1Section of Investigative Medicine, Imperial College London, London W12 0NN, UK.


Peptide hormones released from the gastrointestinal tract communicate information about the current state of energy balance to the brain. These hormones regulate appetite and energy expenditure via the vagus nerve or by acting on key brain regions implicated in energy homeostasis such as the hypothalamus and brainstem. This review gives an overview of the main gut hormones implicated in the regulation of food intake. Research in this area has provided novel targets for the pharmacological treatment of obesity. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled 'Central Control Food Intake'

Crown Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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