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Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2000 Mar;2(1):47-55.

From shell shock and war neurosis to posttraumatic stress disorder: a history of psychotraumatology.

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  • 1FORENAP - Institute for Research in Neuroscience and Neuropsychiatry, Rouffach, France.

Abstract

The term posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has become a household name since its first appearance in 1980 in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-lll) purblished by the American Psychiatric Association, In the collective mind, this diagnosis is associated with the legacy of the Vietnam War disaster. Earlier conflicts had given birth to terms, such as "soldier's heart, " "shell shock," and "war neurosis." The latter diagnosis was equivalent to the névrose de guerre and Kriegsneurose of French and German scientific literature. This article describes how the immediate and chronic consequences of psychological trauma made their way into medical literature, and how concepts of diagnosis and treatment evolved over time.

KEYWORDS:

history of medicine; literature; posttraumatic stress disorder; shell shock: psychotraumatology

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