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J Cancer Epidemiol. 2011;2011:689025. doi: 10.1155/2011/689025. Epub 2011 Oct 19.

A cross-cultural perspective on challenges facing comparative cancer survivorship research.

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  • 1Cancer Registry of Norway, P.O. Box 5313 Majorstua, 0304 Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

Cancer survivorship research includes the study of physical, psychosocial, and economic consequences of cancer diagnosis and treatment among pediatric and adult cancer survivors. Historically, the majority of cancer survivorship studies were from the United States, but survivorship issues are increasingly being addressed in other developed countries. Cross-cultural studies remain, however, scarce. The degree to which knowledge attained may or may not be transferred across cultures, countries, or regions is not known. Some important challenges for comparative research are therefore discussed in a cross-cultural perspective. Several substantive and methodological challenges that complicate the execution of cross-cultural cancer survivorship research are presented with examples and discussed to facilitate comparative research efforts in the establishment of new survivorship cohorts and in the planning and implementation of survivorship studies. Comparative research is one key to understanding the nature of cancer survivorship, distinguishing modifiable from nonmodifiable factors at individual, hospital, societal, and system levels and may thus guide appropriate interventions. Lastly, suggested future courses of action within the field of comparative cancer survivorship research are provided.

PMID:
22028713
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3199099
Free PMC Article
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