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J Addict Dis. 2011 Oct;30(4):382-95. doi: 10.1080/10550887.2011.609804.

Forgiveness and the bottle: promoting self-forgiveness in individuals who abuse alcohol.

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  • 1Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.


In the current article, the authors explore the efficacy of a 4-hour self-forgiveness intervention. Participants (n = 79) undergoing a routine alcohol treatment protocol were randomly assigned to an intervention or treatment as usual condition. Those in the intervention condition completed the self-forgiveness intervention. All participants completed measures of self-forgiveness, drinking refusal self-efficacy, and guilt and shame over an alcohol-related transgression. Participants in the intervention condition reported more positive gains on measures of self-forgiveness and drinking refusal efficacy, as well as guilt and shame over alcohol-related offenses. Implications of the self-forgiveness intervention for individuals who misuse alcohol are discussed.

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