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AIDS Behav. 2012 Jul;16(5):1265-75. doi: 10.1007/s10461-011-0075-z.

Intervention outcomes among HIV-affected families over 18 months.

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  • 1Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Center for Community Health, University of California Los Angeles, 10920 Wilshire Blvd., Ste. 350, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA.


We evaluate the efficacy of a family-based intervention over time among HIV-affected families. Mothers living with HIV (MLH; n = 339) in Los Angeles and their school-aged children were randomized to either an intervention or control condition and followed for 18 months. MLH and their children in the intervention received 16 cognitive-behavioral, small-group sessions designed to help them maintain physical and mental health, parent while ill, address HIV-related stressors, and reduce HIV-transmission behaviors. At recruitment, MLH reported few problem behaviors related to physical health, mental health, or sexual or drug transmission acts. Compared to MLH in the control condition, intervention MLH were significantly more likely to monitor their own CD4 cell counts and their children were more likely to decrease alcohol and drug use. Most MLH and their children had relatively healthy family relationships. Family-based HIV interventions should be limited to MLH who are experiencing substantial problems.

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