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Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health. 2011;7:157-60. doi: 10.2174/1745017901107010157. Epub 2011 Sep 30.

Benefits of exercise with mini tennis in intellectual disabilities: effects on body image and psychopathology.

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  • 1Reald University Vlore, Albania, University of Cagliari, Italy.

Abstract

The present study is aimed at evaluating the efficacy of an introductory mini tennis programme as a therapeutic aid in the psychosocial rehabilitation of participants affected by mild/moderate intellectual disability in semi-residential care.Two groups (N=12) of participants diagnosed with intellectual disability, one of which followed the mini tennis rehabilitation programme, were compared at time t0, t1 (after 2 months) and t2 (after 6 months).Psychopathological status was assessed by means of the Italian version of the Assessment and Information Rating Profile (AIRP). Motor coordination, lateral dominance and body scheme were assessed by means of structured tools.Psychopathological total scores showed a statistically significant decrease in the experimental group in comparison with the control group. A statistical decrease in the group with the mini tennis rehabilitation programme was found also in the anxiety sub-scale while the sub-scales schizophrenia, depression, adjustment disorder, personality problems, somatoform disorders and psychosexual disorders did not reach any statistical difference between groups.A statistically significant increase in the visuo manual coordination was highlighted in the experimental versus the control group. No statistically significant differences were reported with regard to general movement skills, dynamic balance and coordination.In spite of the limitations of this study, the results obtained are encouraging and suggest the potential efficacy of mini tennis as an auxiliary aid in rehabilitation programmes, particularly to improve visuo manual coordination skills and to boost the patient/participants' self esteem. These findings warrant confirmation by further research studies.

KEYWORDS:

Assessment and Information Rating Profile (AIRP); Intellectual disability; anxiety disorders; mini tennis; motor disabilities; rehabilitation

PMID:
22016751
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3195809
Free PMC Article
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