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Wiley Interdiscip Rev RNA. 2012 May-Jun;3(3):385-96. doi: 10.1002/wrna.116. Epub 2011 Oct 19.

Signals for pre-mRNA cleavage and polyadenylation.

Author information

  • 1UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA. btian@umdnj.edu

Abstract

Pre-mRNA cleavage and polyadenylation is an essential step for 3' end formation of almost all protein-coding transcripts in eukaryotes. The reaction, involving cleavage of nascent mRNA followed by addition of a polyadenylate or poly(A) tail, is controlled by cis-acting elements in the pre-mRNA surrounding the cleavage site. Experimental and bioinformatic studies in the past three decades have elucidated conserved and divergent elements across eukaryotes, from yeast to human. Here we review histories and current models of these elements in a broad range of species.

Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID:
22012871
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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