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Cell. 2011 Oct 14;147(2):382-95. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2011.09.032.

In vivo identification of tumor- suppressive PTEN ceRNAs in an oncogenic BRAF-induced mouse model of melanoma.

Author information

  • 1Cancer Genetics Program, Division of Genetics, Beth Israel Deaconess Cancer Center, Department of Medicine and Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA.

Erratum in

  • Cell. 2011 Nov 11;147(4):948.

Abstract

We recently proposed that competitive endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) sequester microRNAs to regulate mRNA transcripts containing common microRNA recognition elements (MREs). However, the functional role of ceRNAs in cancer remains unknown. Loss of PTEN, a tumor suppressor regulated by ceRNA activity, frequently occurs in melanoma. Here, we report the discovery of significant enrichment of putative PTEN ceRNAs among genes whose loss accelerates tumorigenesis following Sleeping Beauty insertional mutagenesis in a mouse model of melanoma. We validated several putative PTEN ceRNAs and further characterized one, the ZEB2 transcript. We show that ZEB2 modulates PTEN protein levels in a microRNA-dependent, protein coding-independent manner. Attenuation of ZEB2 expression activates the PI3K/AKT pathway, enhances cell transformation, and commonly occurs in human melanomas and other cancers expressing low PTEN levels. Our study genetically identifies multiple putative microRNA decoys for PTEN, validates ZEB2 mRNA as a bona fide PTEN ceRNA, and demonstrates that abrogated ZEB2 expression cooperates with BRAF(V600E) to promote melanomagenesis.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Comment in

  • ceRNAs: miRNA target mimic mimics. [Cell. 2011]
  • RNA: a new layer of regulation. [Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2011]
  • Epigenetics. Layer by layer. [Nat Rev Cancer. 2011]
  • Regulatory RNA: layer by layer. [Nat Rev Genet. 2011]
PMID:
22000016
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3236086
Free PMC Article

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