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Cell. 2011 Oct 14;147(2):358-69. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2011.09.028.

A long noncoding RNA controls muscle differentiation by functioning as a competing endogenous RNA.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biology and Biotechnology "Charles Darwin", Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.

Erratum in

  • Cell. 2011 Nov 11;147(4):947.

Abstract

Recently, a new regulatory circuitry has been identified in which RNAs can crosstalk with each other by competing for shared microRNAs. Such competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) regulate the distribution of miRNA molecules on their targets and thereby impose an additional level of post-transcriptional regulation. Here we identify a muscle-specific long noncoding RNA, linc-MD1, which governs the time of muscle differentiation by acting as a ceRNA in mouse and human myoblasts. Downregulation or overexpression of linc-MD1 correlate with retardation or anticipation of the muscle differentiation program, respectively. We show that linc-MD1 "sponges" miR-133 and miR-133 [corrected] to regulate the expression of MAML1 and MEF2C, transcription factors that activate muscle-specific gene expression. Finally, we demonstrate that linc-MD1 exerts the same control over differentiation timing in human myoblasts, and that its levels are strongly reduced in Duchenne muscle cells. We conclude that the ceRNA network plays an important role in muscle differentiation.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Comment in

  • ceRNAs: miRNA target mimic mimics. [Cell. 2011]
  • RNA: a new layer of regulation. [Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2011]
PMID:
22000014
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3234495
Free PMC Article

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