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Opt Express. 2011 Sep 26;19(20):19015-26. doi: 10.1364/OE.19.019015.

Dielectric nanostructures for broadband light trapping in organic solar cells.

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  • 1Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA.

Abstract

Organic bulk heterojunction solar cells are a promising candidate for low-cost next-generation photovoltaic systems. However, carrier extraction limitations necessitate thin active layers that sacrifice absorption for internal quantum efficiency or vice versa. Motivated by recent theoretical developments, we show that dielectric wavelength-scale grating structures can produce significant absorption resonances in a realistic organic cell architecture. We numerically demonstrate that 1D, 2D and multi-level ITO-air gratings lying on top of the organic solar cell stack produce a 8-15% increase in photocurrent for a model organic solar cell where PCDTBT:PC(71)BM is the organic semiconductor. Specific to this approach, the active layer itself remains untouched yet receives the benefit of light trapping by nanostructuring the top surface below which it lies. The techniques developed here are broadly applicable to organic semiconductors in general, and enable partial decoupling between active layer thickness and photocurrent generation.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

PMID:
21996842
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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