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J Cell Physiol. 2012 Mar;227(3):1269-79. doi: 10.1002/jcp.23048.

Pathophysiology of stroke and stroke-induced retinal ischemia: emerging role of stem cells.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.


The current review focuses on pathophysiology, animal models and molecular analysis of stroke and retinal ischemia, and the role of stem cells in recovery of these disease conditions. Research findings associated with ischemic stroke and retinal ischemia have been discussed, and efforts towards prevention and limiting the recurrence of ischemic diseases, as well as emerging treatment possibilities with endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in ischemic diseases, are presented. Although most neurological diseases are still not completely understood and reliable treatment is lacking, animal models provide a major step in validating novel therapies. Stem cell approaches constitute an emerging form of cell-based therapy to treat ischemic diseases since it is an attractive source for regenerative therapy in the ischemic diseases. In this review, we highlight the advantages and limitations of this approach with a focus on key observations from preclinical animal studies and clinical trials. Further research, especially on treatment with EPCs is warranted.

Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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