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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990 Jul 16;1045(2):156-63.

Phosphatidylethanolamine methyltransferase and phospholipid methyltransferase activities from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Enzymological and kinetic properties.

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  • 1Department of Food Science, Cook College, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08903.

Abstract

In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, two membrane-associated enzymes catalyze the three-step methylation of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) to phosphatidylcholine (PC). Phosphatidylethanolamine methyltransferase (PEMT) catalyzes the first methylation reactions (PE----phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine (PMME] and phospholipid methyltransferase (PLMT) catalyzes the second two methylation reactions (PMME----phosphatidyldimethylethanolamine (PDME)----PC). Using gene disruption mutants of the S. cerevisiae OP13 and CHO2 genes, we independently studied the enzymological properties of microsome-associated PEMT and PLMT, respectively. The enzymological properties of the enzymes differed with respect to their pH optima, cofactor requirements and thermal lability. For the PEMT reactions, the apparent Km values for PE and S-Adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) were 57 microM and 110 microM, respectively. For the PLMT reactions, the apparent Km values for PMME and PDME were 380 microM and 180 microM, respectively. The apparent Km values for AdoMet were 54 microM and 59 microM with PMME and PDME as substrates, respectively. S-Adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy) was a competitive inhibitor of PEMT (Ki = 12 microM) and PLMT (Ki = 57 microM and Ki = 54 microM for PMME and PDME, respectively) with respect to AdoMet. AdoHcy was a noncompetitive inhibitor of PEMT (Ki = 160 microM) and PLMT (Ki = 120 microM) with respect to PE and PMME and PDME, respectively.

PMID:
2198947
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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