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Clin Transplant. 2012 Jan-Feb;26(1):E55-61. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0012.2011.01535.x. Epub 2011 Oct 10.

Effect of early EBV and/or CMV viremia on graft function and acute cellular rejection in pediatric liver transplantation.

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  • 1Paediatric Liver Centre, King's College London School of Medicine, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.



The clinical impact of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections in the early post-transplantation period are poorly documented. We investigated the prevalence and timing of EBV and CMV infections during the first 21 d post-transplantation in relation to graft function and acute cellular rejection in a large cohort of pediatric liver transplantation recipients.


Clinical, biochemical, virological, and histopathological data of 62 consecutive children who received a liver transplant were reviewed retrospectively.


Seventeen patients (27%) developed EBV and 11 (18%) CMV viremia (mean interval from surgery: 7.6 d, SD 3.6 and 8.7 d, SD 6.4, respectively). EBV and CMV viremia were more common as a consequence of reactivation than of primary infection. EBV viremic recipients had more often abnormal bilirubin levels [p = 0.01; OR 5.8: 95% CI 1.3-25.5]. Acute rejection was diagnosed in 20 recipients (32.3%). No correlation was found between rejection and EBV and CMV serology before transplantation and viremia after transplantation (mean interval between the diagnosis of rejection and the detection of EBV DNA and CMV DNA: one d, SD 4.4 and five d, SD 9.2, respectively).


EBV and CMV viremia occur at a very early-stage post-transplantation and do not appear to affect the short-term outcome of the transplant.

© 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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