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Anal Biochem. 2012 Jan 1;420(1):84-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ab.2011.09.011. Epub 2011 Sep 16.

Flavin adenine dinucleotide content of quinone reductase 2: analysis and optimization for structure-function studies.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5C1.

Abstract

Quinone reductase 2 (NQO2) is a broadly expressed enzyme implicated in responses to a number of compounds, including protein kinase inhibitors, resveratrol, and antimalarial drugs. NQO2 includes a flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) cofactor, but X-ray crystallographic analysis of human NQO2 expressed in Escherichia coli showed that electron density for the isoalloxazine ring of FAD was weak and there was no electron density for the adenine mononucleotide moiety. Reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) of the NQO2 preparation indicated that FAD was not present and only 38% of the protomers contained flavin mononucleotide (FMN), explaining the weak electron density for FAD in the crystallographic analysis. A method for purifying NQO2 and reconstituting with FAD such that the final content approaches 100% occupancy with FAD is presented here. The enzyme prepared in this manner has a high specific activity, and there is strong electron density for the FAD cofactor in the crystal structure. Analysis of NQO2 crystal structures present in the Protein Data Bank indicates that many may have sub-stoichiometric cofactor content and/or contain FMN rather than FAD. This method of purification and reconstitution will help to optimize structural and functional studies of NQO2 and possibly other flavoproteins.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21971443
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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