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Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2011 Sep;4(9):706-10. doi: 10.1016/S1995-7645(11)60178-8.

Larvicidal and repellent activity of tetradecanoic acid against Aedes aegypti (Linn.) and Culex quinquefasciatus (Say.) (Diptera:Culicidae).

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  • 1Division of Vector Biology, Department of Zoology, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the larvicidal and repellent efficacy of tetradecanoic acid against Aedes aegypti (Ae. aegypti) L. and Culex quinquefasciatus (Cx. quinquefasciatus) Say (Diptera: Culicidae).

METHODS:

Larvicidal efficacy of tetradecanoic acid was tested at various concentrations against the early third instar larvae of Ae. aegypti and Cx. quinquefasciatus. The repellent activity was determined against two mosquito species at three concentrations viz., 1.0,2.5 and 5.0 ppm under the laboratory conditions.

RESULTS:

The tetradecanoic acid was found to be more effective against Cx. quinquefasciatus than Ae. aegypti larvae. The LC(50) values were 14.08 ppm and 25.10 ppm, respectively. Tetradecanoic acid showed lesser repellency against Ae. aegypti and Cx. quinquefasciatus. The highest repellency was observed in higher concentration of 5.0 mg/cm(2) provided 100% protection up to 60 and 90 min against Ae. aegypti and Cx. quinquefasciatus respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

From the results it can be concluded the tetradecanoic acid is a potential for controlling Cx. quinquefasciatus and Ae. aegypti mosquitoes.

Copyright © 2011 Hainan Medical College. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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