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Sleep. 2011 Oct 1;34(10):1347-56. doi: 10.5665/SLEEP.1276.

Association of sleep characteristics and cognition in older community-dwelling men: the MrOS sleep study.

Author information

  • 1Research Institute, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA. tblackwell@sfcc-cpmc.net

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES:

To examine the association of objectively and subjectively measured sleep characteristics with cognition in older men.

DESIGN:

A population-based cross-sectional study.

SETTING:

6 centers in the United States.

PARTICIPANTS:

3,132 community-dwelling older men (mean age 76.4 ± 5.6 years).

INTERVENTIONS:

None.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:

Objectively measured sleep predictors from wrist actigraphy were total sleep time (TST), sleep efficiency (SE), and wake after sleep onset (WASO). Subjective sleep predictors were self-reported poor sleep (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [PSQI] > 5), excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS, Epworth Sleepiness Scale Score > 10), and TST. Cognitive outcomes were measured with the Modified Mini-Mental State examination (3MS), the Trails B test, and the Digit Vigilance Test (DVT). After adjustment for multiple potential confounders, WASO was modestly related to poorer cognition. Compared to those with WASO < 90 min, men with WASO ≥ 90 min took 6.1 sec longer to complete the Trails B test and had a 0.9-point worse 3MS score, on average (P<0.05). Actigraphically measured long sleepers had a slightly worse 3MS score compared to those with 7-8 h of sleep, but had similar Trails B and DVT completion times. Compared to those who self-reported sleeping 7-8 h, long sleepers (>8 h) on average took 8.6 sec more to complete the Trails B test, had a 0.6-point worse 3MS score, and took 46 sec longer to complete the DVT (P<0.05). PSQI and EDS were not independently related to cognitive outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS:

There were modest cross-sectional associations of WASO and self-reported long sleep with cognition among older community-dwelling men. EDS and PSQI were not related to cognition.

KEYWORDS:

Sleep fragmentation; aging; cognitive function; total sleep time

PMID:
21966066
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3174836
Free PMC Article

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