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Calcif Tissue Int. 2011 Dec;89(6):446-55. doi: 10.1007/s00223-011-9532-y. Epub 2011 Oct 2.

Influence of polymorphisms in the RANKL/RANK/OPG signaling pathway on volumetric bone mineral density and bone geometry at the forearm in men.

Author information

  • 1Arthritis Research UK Epidemiology Unit, The University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Stopford Building, UK. Delnaz.Roshandel@uhn.ca

Abstract

We sought to determine the influence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in RANKL, RANK, and OPG on volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and bone geometry at the radius in men. Pairwise tag SNPs (r (2) ≥ 0.8) for RANKL (n = 8), RANK (n = 44), and OPG (n = 22) and five SNPs near RANKL and OPG strongly associated with areal BMD in genomewide association studies were previously genotyped in men aged 40-79 years in the European Male Ageing Study (EMAS). Here, these SNPs were analyzed in a subsample of men (n = 589) who had peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) performed at the distal (4%) and mid-shaft (50%) radius. Estimated parameters were total and trabecular vBMD (mg/mm(3)) and cross-sectional area (mm(2)) at the 4% site and cortical vBMD (mg/mm(3)); total, cortical, and medullary area (mm(2)); cortical thickness (mm); and stress strain index (SSI) (mm(3)) at the 50% site. We identified 12 OPG SNPs associated with vBMD and/or geometric parameters, including rs10505348 associated with total vBMD (β [95% CI] = 9.35 [2.12-16.58], P = 0.011), cortical vBMD (β [95% CI] = 5.62 [2.10-9.14], P = 0.002), cortical thickness (β [95% CI] = 0.08 [0.03-0.13], P = 0.002), and medullary area (β [95% CI] = -2.90 [-4.94 to -0.86], P = 0.005) and rs2073618 associated with cortical vBMD (β [95% CI] = -4.30 [-7.78 to -0.82], P = 0.015) and cortical thickness (β [95% CI] = -0.08 [-0.13 to -0.03], P = 0.001). Three RANK SNPs were associated with vBMD, including rs12956925 associated with trabecular vBMD (β [95% CI] = -7.58 [-14.01 to -1.15], P = 0.021). There were five RANK SNPs associated with geometric parameters, including rs8083511 associated with distal radius cross-sectional area (β [95% CI] = 8.90 [0.92-16.88], P = 0.029). No significant association was observed between RANKL SNPs and pQCT parameters. Our findings suggest that genetic variation in OPG and RANK influences radius vBMD and geometry in men.

PMID:
21964949
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3215872
Free PMC Article

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