Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Endocrinol. 2011 Nov;25(11):1904-14. doi: 10.1210/me.2011-1139. Epub 2011 Sep 29.

Transgenic overexpression of the transcription factor Nkx6.1 in β-cells of mice does not increase β-cell proliferation, β-cell mass, or improve glucose clearance.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, The University of California, San Diego, USA. masander@ucsd.edu

Abstract

The loss or dysfunction of the pancreatic endocrine β-cell results in diabetes. Recent innovative therapeutic approaches for diabetes aim to induce β-cell proliferation in vivo by pharmacological intervention. Based on the finding that overexpression of the transcription factor Nkx6.1 in islets in vitro increases β-cell proliferation while maintaining β-cell function, Nkx6.1 has been proposed as a potential target for diabetes therapy. However, it is unknown whether elevated Nkx6.1 levels in β-cells in vivo have similar effects as observed in isolated islets. To this end, we sought to investigate whether overexpression of Nkx6.1 in β-cells in vivo could increase β-cell mass and/or improve β-cell function in normal or β-cell-depleted mice. Using a bigenic inducible Cre-recombinase-based transgenic model, we analyzed the effects of Nkx6.1 overexpression on β-cell proliferation, β-cell mass, and glucose metabolism. We found that mice overexpressing Nkx6.1 in β-cells displayed similar β-cell proliferation rates and β-cell mass as control mice. Furthermore, after partial β-cell ablation, Nkx6.1 overexpression was not sufficient to induce β-cell regeneration under either nondiabetic or diabetic conditions. Together these results demonstrate that sustained Nkx6.1 overexpression in vivo does not stimulate β-cell proliferation, expand β-cell mass, or improve glucose metabolism in either normal or β-cell-depleted pancreata. Thus, raising cellular Nkx6.1 levels in β-cells in vivo is unlikely to have a positive impact on type 2 diabetes.

PMID:
21964593
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3198960
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (7)Free text

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 7.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
    Write to the Help Desk