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Can J Cardiol. 2011 Sep-Oct;27(5):541-7. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2011.03.001.

Effect of delayed vs immediate stent implantation on myocardial perfusion and cardiac function in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous intervention with thrombus aspiration.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Optimizing microcirculation in STEMI patients with thrombus-containing lesion undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains challenging. Our objective was to compare the effects on myocardial perfusion and cardiac function of delayed vs immediate stent implantation after thrombus aspiration in STEMI patients undergoing PCI.

METHODS:

Eighty-seven STEMI patients with thrombus-containing lesion undergoing PCI were enrolled. After thrombus aspiration was performed, subjects were divided into 2 groups according to residual thrombus score (TS): immediate stent implantation (ISI) group (n = 47, residual TS < 2; stenting was performed immediately), and delayed stent implantation (DSI) group (n = 40, residual TS ≥ 2; stenting was performed 7 days later). Corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count and myocardial blush grade were analyzed immediately after PCI. The wall motion score index was assessed on admission and at 6-month follow-up.

RESULTS:

At the end of the PCI procedure, the corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count was significantly shorter and the myocardial blush grade 3 was more frequent in the DSI group than in the ISI group. Compared with the ISI group, the DSI group had a lower incidence of thrombus-related angiographic events, including distal embolization and no reflow. A significantly greater improvement in wall motion score index from baseline to 6-month follow-up was observed in the DSI group compared with the ISI group.

CONCLUSIONS:

In STEMI patients presenting with thrombus containing lesion undergoing PCI, delayed stent implantation after thrombus aspiration leads to better myocardial perfusion and cardiac functional recovery in comparison with immediate stent implantation.

Copyright © 2011 Canadian Cardiovascular Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21963056
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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