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Dent Mater. 2011 Dec;27(12):1204-12. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2011 Sep 28.

Pressed ceramics onto zirconia. Part 1: Comparison of crystalline phases present, adhesion to a zirconia system and flexural strength.

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  • 1Sir John Walsh Research Institute, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.



To compare the crystalline phases present, quantify the adhesion to zirconia and measure the mechanical properties of four commercially available pressed ceramics suitable for zirconia substructures.


This study compares the X-ray diffraction response and the mechanical properties of four different pressed ceramics (Noritake CZR Press, Vita PM9, Wieland PressXzr and IPS e.max ZirPress) to Vita In-Ceram YZ zirconia substrate. The adhesion was determined using the interfacial strain energy release rate fracture mechanics approach; in addition biaxial flexural strength values of each material was determined.


X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that Noritake CZR Press and Vita PM9 contain leucite whereas IPS e.max ZirPress and Wieland PressXzr are non-leucite amorphous materials. The strain energy release rate results revealed that the pressed ceramics with leucite have better adhesion than non-leucite ceramics to zirconia. Differences were observed between biaxial strength results for the pressed ceramics from bilayer compared with monolayer specimens.


Pressed ceramics compatible with zirconia tested in this study were of two types; leucite containing and non-leucite containing essentially glass ceramics. Leucite containing pressable ceramics appears to have better adhesion to zirconia.

Crown Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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