Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Lipid Res. 2011 Dec;52(12):2226-33. doi: 10.1194/jlr.M015966. Epub 2011 Sep 27.

Turnover of nonessential fatty acids in cardiolipin from the rat heart.

Author information

  • 1LA Biomedical Research Institute, Torrance, CA, USA.

Abstract

Cardiolipin (CL) is a unique phospholipid (PL) found in the mitochondria of mammalian cells. CL remodeling is accompanied by turnover of its fatty acid acyl groups. Abnormalities in CL remodeling have been found in Barth's syndrome, diabetes, and obesity. The objective of this study was to determine nonessential fatty acid turnover in CL and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) in the rat heart in vivo. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either a regular chow or a high-fat diet for 15 weeks, and consumed 6% deuterium-enriched drinking water as a tracer for 14 days. CL and PE were extracted from cardiac tissue and isolated by TLC. Fatty acids from CL, PE, and plasma were analyzed by GC/MS for deuterium incorporation. Results showed oleate and vaccenate turnover were the highest in CL whereas palmitate and stearate turnover were low. Among the nonessential fatty acids in PE, turnover of stearate and vaccenate were the highest. The high turnover rate in vaccenate was unexpected, because vaccenate previously had no known metabolic or physiologic function. In conclusion, the similarly high turnover rates of both oleate and vaccenate readily suggest that remodeling is an important functional aspect of PL metabolism in CL.

PMID:
21957203
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3283259
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (1)Free text

Fig. 1.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk