Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2011 Nov;90(5):674-84. doi: 10.1038/clpt.2011.165. Epub 2011 Sep 28.

A common 5'-UTR variant in MATE2-K is associated with poor response to metformin.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Tissue Injury Defense Research Center, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.


Multidrug and toxin extrusion 2 (MATE2-K (SLC47A2)), a polyspecific organic cation exporter, facilitates the renal elimination of the antidiabetes drug metformin. In this study, we characterized genetic variants of MATE2-K, determined their association with metformin response, and elucidated their impact by means of a comparative protein structure model. Four nonsynonymous variants and four variants in the MATE2-K basal promoter region were identified from ethnically diverse populations. Two nonsynonymous variants-c.485C>T and c.1177G>A-were shown to be associated with significantly lower metformin uptake and reduction in protein expression levels. MATE2-K basal promoter haplotypes containing the most common variant, g.-130G>A (>26% allele frequency), were associated with a significant increase in luciferase activities and reduced binding to the transcriptional repressor myeloid zinc finger 1 (MZF-1). Patients with diabetes who were homozygous for g.-130A had a significantly poorer response to metformin treatment, assessed as relative change in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) (-0.027 (-0.076, 0.033)), as compared with carriers of the reference allele, g.-130G (-0.15 (-0.17, -0.13)) (P=0.002). Our study showed that MATE2-K plays a role in the antidiabetes response to metformin.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances, Grant Support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk