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J Biomol Screen. 2012 Feb;17(2):194-203. doi: 10.1177/1087057111421630. Epub 2011 Sep 23.

High-throughput screening identifies a bisphenol inhibitor of SV40 large T antigen ATPase activity.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

The authors conducted a high-throughput screening campaign for inhibitors of SV40 large T antigen ATPase activity to identify candidate antivirals that target the replication of polyomaviruses. The primary assay was adapted to 1536-well microplates and used to screen the National Institutes of Health Molecular Libraries Probe Centers Network library of 306 015 compounds. The primary screen had an Z value of ~0.68, signal/background = 3, and a high (5%) DMSO tolerance. Two counterscreens and two secondary assays were used to prioritize hits by EC(50), cytotoxicity, target specificity, and off-target effects. Hits that inhibited ATPase activity by >44% in the primary screen were tested in dose-response efficacy and eukaryotic cytotoxicity assays. After evaluation of hit cytotoxicity, drug likeness, promiscuity, and target specificity, three compounds were chosen for chemical optimization. Chemical optimization identified a class of bisphenols as the most effective biochemical inhibitors. Bisphenol A inhibited SV40 large T antigen ATPase activity with an IC(50) of 41 µM in the primary assay and 6.2 µM in a cytoprotection assay. This compound class is suitable as probes for biochemical investigation of large T antigen ATPase activity, but because of their cytotoxicity, further optimization is necessary for their use in studying polyomavirus replication in vivo.

PMID:
21948801
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3731742
Free PMC Article
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